Clauses: Definition and Types

A clause is constructed as a set of words that includes a subject and a finite verb. A clause consists of one subject and one verb. The subject of a clause is often hidden and sometimes mentioned but the verb is always prominent.


I became a chef last year. (One clause)

When I went there, I saw her. (Two clauses)

When I went there, I saw her, and she welcomed me. (Three clause)


Types of Clause

  • Independent Clause
  • Dependent Clause


Independent Clause

An independent clause is similar to a regular sentence and functions on its own to make the sentence logical.

Two independent clauses can be linked together in a sentence by the coordinators such as and, so, nor, but, yet, for, or.


She is a wise lady,

I like her.

Can she do it?

Please do it. (The subject YOU is hidden)

I heard the whole case

I want to buy a new car, but I lost my license. (Two independent clauses)

She came from London and visited the old village.

Sarah smiles whenever he sees her. (one independent clause)


Dependent Clause:

A dependent clause is also known as a subordinate clause that cannot stand on its own and it only provides a hint of an idea. Dependent clauses are used with the independent clauses to complete the sentence formation because it can never be considered as a complete sentence on its own.

However, the subordinates perform the function of linking one clause with another to make the sentence complete. In each of the clause, the starting is always done with a subordinator which includes relative pronouns, subordinating conjunctions, and noun clause markers.


When I was dating Peter, I had an accident.

I know the child, who stole the money.

She bought a dress which was too expensive.

I know that she cannot do it.

She does not know where she was raised.